Finke, R., and R. Stark. Despite their different views, these social theorists all believed in the centrality of religion to society. A crescent moon and a star are just two shapes in the sky, but together they constitute the international symbol of Islam. 7.4 The Get-Tough Approach: Boon or Bust? Even though none of these three men was particularly religious, the power that religion holds over people and societies interested them all. what is the role of religion in society? Explain the views of religion held by the conflict perspective. (Ed.). In providing answers, religion defines the spiritual world and spiritual forces, including divine beings. Religion is based on the idea of sin: all people are born sinners, impure souls, and if they don’t purify themselves, they will soon be condemned to hell by God, where they will have to experience eternal suffering. What does the concept of work ethic mean today? Sociological perspectives on religion aim to understand the functions religion serves, the inequality and other problems it can reinforce and perpetuate, and the role it plays in our daily lives (Emerson, Monahan, & Mirola, 2011). You may include the differences between monotheism and polytheism; the role of the gods in the epic heroes’ lives; and how the gods were perceived by their society. The Elementary Forms of Religious Life. Religious rituals bring order, comfort, and organization through shared familiar symbols and patterns of behavior. Spirituality and aging: Research and implications. Higher levels of education have become necessary, as well as people management skills and access to the most recent information on any given topic. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill. Mircea Eliade - Religion Is a Focus on the Sacred . The symbolic interactionist perspective emphasizes how religion affects the daily lives of individuals and how they interpret their religious experiences. On an extreme level, the Inquisition, the Salem witch trials, and anti-Semitism are all examples of this dynamic. Many people believe that if they endure their suffering, they will be rewarded in the afterlife. It provides social support and social networking and offers a place to meet others who hold similar values and a place to seek help (spiritual and material) in times of need. Considerable research has emerged over the past five decades that demonstrates the benefits of religious practice for society. New York, NY: Free Press. Religiosity also apparently promotes better physical health, and some studies even find that religious people tend to live longer than those who are not religious (Moberg, 2008). Religion Creates a Sense of Community Some people join a religion in order to feel included in a smaller subsection of a larger society. The work ethic in the information age has been affected by tremendous cultural and social change, just as workers in the mid- to late nineteenth century were influenced by the wake of the Industrial Revolution. Explain the views of religion held by the symbolic interactionist perspective. How do people decide which religion to follow, if any? Interactionists are interested in what these symbols communicate. Klassen, P. In this framework, RCT also explains the development and decline of churches, denominations, sects, and even cults; this limited part of the very complex RCT theory is the only aspect well supported by research data. 1989. Then, research a religion that you don’t know much about. The concept of religion was not an established idea in Japan until the nineteenth century, when the opening of Japan to the Western world during the Meiji period necessitated a counterbalance to the influx of Western religious concepts. By this reasoning, even if traditional religion disappeared, society wouldn’t necessarily dissolve. All religions are equally meaningful to their adherents. Translated by J. Swain. Much of the work of Émile Durkheim stressed the functions that religion serves for society regardless of how it is practiced or of what specific religious beliefs a society favors. Because religion can be central to many people’s concept of themselves, sometimes there is an “in-group” versus “out-group” feeling toward other religions in our society or within a particular practice. This is a very powerful and tremendously in depth philosophy which deals with man, the material, and the spiritual worlds. They are among the founding thinkers of modern sociology. Eliade says religion is primarily about belief in the supernatural, which for him lies at the heart of the sacred. It's not uncommon for Buddhists, Muslims or Christians to create their own fellowships for believers. 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